Sunday, August 31, 2008
August Featured Relative of the Month, Part 2
Riddle: What flower is in between your nose and your chin?
I was born in the first year of World War II. Let's look back at that eventful time.
The Wayback Machine
Step in and we'll go to August, 1942:
WW II events in the month I was born:
Aug 4, 1st train filled with Jewish people departed for Auschwitz.
Aug 6, Soviet city Voronezh fell to Germans.
Aug 7, US Marines landed on Guadalcanal in the Solomon islands. 1st American amphibious landing and 1st major allied offensive in the Pacific of the war. Initial landing party included Navajo Codetalkers. This was 1st Japanese defeat on land; Japan building an air base here to isolate Australia.
Aug 8, U.S. Marines captured Japanese airstrip on Guadalcanal.
Aug 9, Carmelite nun Teresa Benedicta executed by Nazis at Auschwitz for her Jewish heritage. Made a Catholic saint in 1998.
Aug 11, Vichy government official Pierre Laval publicly declared "The hour of liberation for France is the hour when Germany wins the war."; German submarine attacked British convoy, sank one of world's 1st aircraft carriers; SS began exterminating 3,500 Jews in Poland.
Aug 12, British premier Churchill arrived in Moscow to meet Stalin.
Aug 14, Eisenhower named commander for invasion of North Africa.
Aug 15, Japanese submarine departed Japan with a floatplane in its hold, assembled off US West Coast and used to bomb US forests.
Aug 16, US Navy patrol blimp crash-landed in CA after drifting in from the ocean. Crew was missing, no trace of them ever found.
Aug 17, US Air Force bombers attacked France; Marines attacked Makin Island (Kiribati) in Gilbert Islands
Aug 18, Japan sent army to Guadalcanal to repulse US Marines.
Aug 19, Several US Marines died during commando raid on Makin atoll, 2,000 miles behind enemy lines. The 1943 movie, “Gung Ho,” based on the raid, starred Randolph Scott; 5,000 Canadian and 2,000 British soldiers launched a disastrous raid against the Germans at Dieppe, France; 3,600 men perished. Information gathered from this landing considered valuable for planning successful Allied landings in Northern Africa, Sicily, and Normandy, France. The attack was aimed at gaining experience for the later D-Day invasion.
Aug 20, Plutonium was first weighed.
Aug 21, US Marines turned back the first Japanese ground attack on Guadalcanal in the Battle of Tenaru.
Aug 22, Brazil declared war on the Axis powers, only South American country to send combat troops to Europe.
Aug 23, 1st US flights landed on Guadalcanal; German forces began assault on Soviet city of Stalingrad. From now to Feb 1943, Battle of Stalingrad was fought, ending with encirclement and destruction of German 6th Army. 600 Luftwaffe bombers killed 40,000 people in the first week of fighting. My parents 1st wedding anniversary.
Aug 24, Battle of the Eastern Solomons, 3rd carrier-versus-carrier battle of the war, US Navy defeat Japanese.
Aug 26, 7,000 Jewish people rounded up in Vichy, France; Japanese troops landed on New Guinea.
Aug 27, Cuba declared war on Germany, Japan and Italy.
Aug 29, US Red Cross announced Japan refuses to allow safe conduct for passage of ships with supplies for American prisoners of war.
Aug 31, British army defeated Rommel’s Afrika Korps in Egypt; U boats sunk this month 108 ships (544,000 ton).
Aug, Following Battle of Midway, American forces at Guadalcanal--code-name "Cactus"--took delivery of 12 dive bombers and their escort of 19 air fighters, advance squadrons of Marines Air Group. Within 12 hours the new "Cactus Air Force" helped vanquish a Japanese infantry assault; Aug-Feb, 1943, The Battle of Guadalcanal.
Songs popular in 1942 included:
Deep in the Heart of Texas, Bing Crosby; Jingle Jangle Jingle; Stardust, Artie Shaw; Racing with the Moon, Vaughn Monroe; Chattanooga Choo Choo, Tex Beneke; You Made Me Love You, Harry James; I Don't Want to Set the World on Fire, The Ink Spots; That Old Black Magic; Paper Doll; There'll Be Some Changes Made, Irene Daye; String of Pearls, Glenn Miller & His Orchestra.
Many songs reflected the separation caused by the War:
White Christmas, Bing Crosby; I Don't Want to Walk Without You, Helen Forrest with Harry James; I'll Be with You in Apple Blossom Time, The Andrews Sisters; Miss You, Dinah Shore; I Left My Heart at the Stage Door Canteen, Don Cornell; This is the Army, Mr. Jones; Don't Sit Under the Apple Tree, The Andrews Sisters; He Wears a Pair of Silver Wings, Kay Kyser; Somebody Else is Taking my Place, Peggy Lee; Der Feuhrer's Face, Spike Jones; White Cliffs of Dover, Kate Smith; Praise the Lord and Pass the Ammunition, Kay Kyser; Just as Though You Were Here, Tommy Dorsey; Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy, The Andrews Sisters.
Movies of 1942 were:
Casablanca; Bambi; Walt Disney's Bambi; Yankee Doodle Dandy; Holiday Inn with "White Christmas" sung by Bing Crosby
My Timeline To High School Graduation:
1933-1945: Franklin D Roosevelt was US president until I was 3
1939-45: World War II, until age 3
1942-45: Manhattan Project by US to develop atomic bomb to use in the war, until age 3
1942: Magnetic recording tape invented; T-shirt introduced; First nuclear reaction reported; Anne Frank went into hiding; Year-round Daylight Savings Time (called War Time) in effect in US to conserve energy, from Feb 9 until Sept 30, 1945; Sugar and gasoline rationed. Sales of new cars and trucks banned. On Feb 10, the last new civilian car was made; Jeep invented.
1945: Harry Truman made president; United Nations formed; US drops A-Bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki; first Hypertext, age 3
1946: First Bikini bathing suit; Microwave oven invented (called Radar Range), age 4
1947: Israel created when UN partitions Palestine into Jewish and Arab sections; first Transistor, age 5
1948: 33 1/3 rpm musical recordings, age 6; Arabs attack Israel on the day it is inaugurated
1949: First 45 rpm musical recordings, age 7; Soviets detonate first nuclear bomb, age 7
1950-53: Korean War from age 8 to 11
1950-54: McCarthyism from age 8 to 12
1950: World population reaches 2.4 billion, age 8
1951: Electricity first made from atomic power, age 9
1952: 1st thermonuclear device, a hydrogen bomb (H-Bomb) detonated by US, age 10
1953-60: Dwight D Eisenhower president of US from age 11 to 18
1953: First color televisions go on sale
1954:Racial segregation in schools ruled unconstitutional; Ray Kroc opens 1st McDonalds (Des Plaines, IL), age 12
1955: Salk polio vaccine; Invention of velcro and fiber optics; Disneyland opens in California, age 13
1956: Ocean liners Andrea Doria and Stockholm collide, sink, age 14
1957: Sputnik launched - 1st (artificial) satellite, age 15
1958: Explorer I, 1st U.S. space satellite, launched at Cape Canaveral; US space agency (NASA) established; first integrated circuit; 1st stereo LP records and FM stereo broadcasts, age 16
1959: 1st nuclear powered vessel; Castro becomes head of Cuba; Alaska enters US - 49th state, Hawaii enters US - 50th state, age 17
1960: Laser; World underwater circumnavigation by US sub Triton; 1st weather satellite; Pantyhose, age 18
Some Events In My Lifetime:
I was 57 years old on the first day of Y2K; at 48 Operation Desert Storm began, 47 during the fall of the Berlin Wall; 41 when Apple introduced the Macintosh; 38 when President Reagan shot by John Hinckley, Jr.; 37 when the Iran hostage crisis began; 33 on US Bicentennial 4th of July, 31 when President Nixon left office; 26 as first man stepped on the moon; 25 when Martin Luther King, Jr. assassinated; 21 when President Kennedy assassinated; 10 at end of the Korean War; 9 when President Truman made 1st coast to coast TV broadcast using then state-of-the-art microwave technology; and 2 years old when atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima.
When these songs and events occurred, my age was:
The Doggie in the Window, Patti Page: 10; Rock Around the Clock, Bill Haley and His Comets: 13; Don't be Cruel, Elvis Presley: 14; American Bandstand first airs nationally: 14; Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens and The Big Bopper die in a plane crash: 16; The Twist, Chubby Checker: 18; Big Bad John, Jimmy Dean: 19.
For these TV shows I was:
5 years old when Texaco Star Theatre 1st aired; 10 when TV Guide magazine started; 13 for Gunsmoke; 15 during 1st Leave It To Beaver; 17 for 1st Bonanza; 20 when Beverly Hillbillies 1st aired; 22 when the Addams Family appeared; 24 for 1st Star Trek episode; 28 when All in the Family 1st shown; 30 when M*A*S*H began; 46 when Roseanne started; 49 when Home Improvement began.
When these movies were released I was:
All the King's Men: 7; Old Yeller: 15; Ben-Hur: 17; West Side Story: 19; The Sound of Music: 22; Guess Who's Coming to Dinner: 25; American Graffiti: 30; Jaws: 32; Star Wars: 34; Star Trek The Motion Picture: 37; ET: 39; The Terminator: 42; Top Gun: 43; Home Alone: 48; Wayne's World: 49; Jurassic Park: 50; Forrest Gump: 51; Toy Story: 53; Saving Private Ryan: 55, Toy Story 2: 57
Riddle answer: Two lips (tulips)